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Gender Discrimination in Employment: BRICS Countries Overview

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This article investigates the phenomenon of gender equality in employment in the BRICS countries where it is one of the factors hampering the economic development and basic human rights. The authors examine the international obligations of these states under the human rights treaties of the United Nations Organization (UNO) and the International Labour Organization (ILO), compare the national anti-discriminatory norms with the international standards (ILO Conventions and the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women) and evaluate the observations of the relevant international bodies recently adopted in respect of the BRICS states. In particular, the activities of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the ILO Committee of Experts on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations are reviewed. In the paragraphs that follow, the national legislation and case-laws are examined. Furthermore, the reasons for the persistent gender stereotypes in the labor market, as well as the general attitude toward women’s roles in society in each country are reviewed. The authors identify the obstacles to achieving true gender equality in the workplace and formulate recommendations for improving protections against discrimination of women in employment as well as ensuring equal access to employment and promotion.

About the Authors

E. Sychenko
Saint Petersburg State University
Russian Federation

Elena Sychenko – Associate Professor, Law Faculty

7 22nd Line of Vasilievsky Island, Saint Petersburg, 199106

M. Laruccia
Jorge Duprat Figueiredo Foundation for Safety and Occupational Health at Work (Fundacentro) and Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo

Mauro Laruccia  – Associate Professor of Business, School of Economics, Business and Accounting

710 Capote Valente St., São Paulo, 05409-002

D. Cusciano
Jorge Duprat Figueiredo Foundation for Safety and Occupational Health at Work (Fundacentro) and Getúlio Vargas Foundation

Dalton Cusciano  – PhD Candidate, Getúlio Vargas Foundation, Adjunct Professor,

710 Capote Valente St., São Paulo, 05409-002

R. Korde
FLAME University

Rupa Korde  – Assistant Professor

Gat No. 1270, Lavale, Off. Pune Bangalore Hwy., Pune, Maharashtra, 412115

K. Nagadia
WageIndicator Foundation

Kabir Nagadia  – Data Analyst, WageIndicator Foundation

Gat No. 1270, Lavale, Off. Pune Bangalore Hwy., Pune, Maharashtra, 412115

I. Chikireva
Tyumen State University
Russian Federation

Irina Chikireva  – Associate Professor, Department of Civil Law Disciplines

38 Lenina St., Tyumen, 625000

J. Wang
Jilin University

Jiaojiao Wang  – Lecturer, Jilin University

2699 Qianjin St., Chaoyang, Changchun, Jilin, China; e-mail: 

N. Carrim
University of Pretoria
South Africa

Nasima Carrim  – Associate Professor,

Dr Savage Rd., Prinshof 349-Jr, Pretoria, 0084


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For citations:

Sychenko E., Laruccia M., Cusciano D., Korde R., Nagadia K., Chikireva I., Wang J., Carrim N. Gender Discrimination in Employment: BRICS Countries Overview. BRICS Law Journal. 2022;9(2):30-71.

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ISSN 2409-9058 (Print)
ISSN 2412-2343 (Online)