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Non-Standard Employment in the BRICS Countries

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Non-standardization of employment has become the main trend of the labour markets in the globalized economy. Attempting to enhance the flexibility of employment relations the legislators in BRICS countries are also the part of this trend. The forms of the nonstandard employment are numerous, the present paper concentrates upon the following ones: temporary employment, part-time and multi-party employment relationship. The authors review the experience of four BRICS countries in regulating non-standard forms of employment and determine what were the specific reasons for adopting them in Russia, China, Brazil, and South Africa. The national parts are introduced by the consideration of the international standards of protection of employees working under non-standard contracts. It is argued that even though these four states did not ratify the ILO Convention No. 181 Private Employment Agencies Convention (1997) and only Russia ratified ILO Part-Time Work Convention (No. 175), the ILO approach has influenced the development of national regulations. Though the equal treatment of all workers is lacking in many aspects of employment relations. In the national parts the authors trace the changes in employment law which reflect the pursuit of flexibilization of the labour market and, as in Brazil, the need to formalize employment relations.

About the Authors

E. Sychenko
Saint Petersburg State University
Russian Federation

Elena Sychenko - Associate Professor, Law Faculty, Saint Petersburg State University.

7 22nd Line of Vasilievsky Island, Saint Petersburg, 199106.

M. Laruccia
Jorge Duprat Figueiredo Foundation for Safety and Occupational Health at Work (Fundacentro) and Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo

Mauro Laruccia - Associate Professor of Business, School of Economics, Business and Accounting, Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo.
710 Capote Valente St., São Paulo, 05409-002.

D. Cusciano
Jorge Duprat Figueiredo Foundation for Safety and Occupational Health at Work (Fundacentro) and Getulio Vargas Foundation

Dalton Cusciano - Ph.D. Candidate, Getulio Vargas Foundation, Adjunct Professor, Getulio Vargas Foundation and National School of Business and Insurance.
710 Capote Valente St., São Paulo, 05409-002.

I. Chikireva
Tyumen State University
Russian Federation

Irina Chikireva - Associate Professor, Labor Law and Entrepreneurship Department, Tyumen State University.
38 Lenina St., Tyumen, 625000.

J. Wang
Jilin University

Jiaojiao Wang – lecturer, Jilin University.
2699 Qianjin st., Chaoyang, Changchun, Jilin.

P. Smit
North-West University
South Africa

Paul Smit – Associate Professor of Labor Relations, School of Industrial Psychology and Human Resource Management, Faculty of Economic and Management Sciences, North-West University.
11 Hoffman St., Potchefstroom, 2520.


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For citations:

Sychenko E., Laruccia M., Cusciano D., Chikireva I., Wang J., Smit P. Non-Standard Employment in the BRICS Countries. BRICS Law Journal. 2020;7(4):4-44.

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