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Reisner vs. Stalin: The RSFSR Constitution of 1918

https://doi.org/10.21684/2412-2343-2019-6-3-78-99

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Abstract

In 2018, the centenary of the Constitution of the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic (RSFSR) was celebrated. Scholarly debate over this legal and political document – Russia’s first constitution – has continued across time up to the present day. The process of drafting the Constitution of 1918 has received very contradictory coverage in the historical and legal literature. Writers’ assessments of the works on this topic have often been influenced by political circumstances. In particular, for a long time the role of the famous Soviet legal scholar and lawyer Mikhail Reisner in the preparation of the draft of the first Soviet Constitution was hushed up. This article examines Reisner’s contribution to the creation of the draft of the first Soviet Constitution and his confrontation with Joseph Stalin over the issue of federation in the Constitutional Commission. These two men proposed diametrically opposed approaches to the principles and foundation of the Soviet Federation. If Stalin believed that the Soviet Federation should be built on the national-state principle, Reisner considered this principle bourgeois and offered to abandon the national principle and build a Federation of Russia as a multi-stage Federation of Soviets. The article then analyzes the content of the draft of the Constitution prepared by Professors Reisner and Goikhbarg (the “professorial project”) and identifies its provisions, borrowed by the authors of the final text of the Constitution of the RSFSR of 1918. Additionally, the article describes a number of the provisions of the draft prepared by Reisner and Goikhbarg and distinguishes it from the final text of the Constitution of the RSFSR of 1918.

About the Authors

S. Shakhray
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation
Sergey Shakhray – Vice-Rector, Professor, 1, Bldg. 13–14 (4th education building) Leninskie Gory, GSP-1,
Moscow, 119991, Russia


K. Krakovskiy
Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration
Russian Federation
Konstantin Krakovskiy – Professor, Department of State Studies, Institute of Public Administration and Civil Service, 82 Vernadskogo Av., Moscow, 119571, Russia


References

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2. Оль П.А., Ромашов Р.А. Нация (генезис понятия и вопросы правосубъектности) [Ol P.A. & Romashov R.A. Nation (the Genesis of the Concept and Questions of Legal Personality)] (St. Petersburg: Law Institute Publishing House, 2002).

3. Рейснер М.A. Революция и федерация [Reisner M.A. Revolution and Federation] (St. Petersburg: I.R. Belopolsky, 1917).

4. Рейснер М.А. Государство. Ч. 3: Государственные формы [Reisner M.A. State. Part 3: State Forms] (Moscow: Printing House of the Partnership of I.D. Sytin, 1912).

5. Ронин С.Л. Первая Советская Конституция (к истории разработки Конституции РСФСР 1918 г.) [Ronin S.L. The First Soviet Constitution (to the History of Drafting of the RSFSR Constitution of 1918)] (Moscow: State Publishing House of Legal Literature, 1948).

6. Ударцев С.Ф. Политическая и правовая теория анархизма в России: история и современность [Udartsev S.F. The Political and Legal Theory of Anarchism in Russia: History and Modernity] (Moscow: Graduate School of Law; Forum, 1994).

7. Чистяков О.И. Конституция РСФСР 1918 года [Chistyakov O.I. The Constitution of the RSFSR of 1918] (Moscow: Moscow State University Publishing House, 1984).


For citation:


Shakhray S., Krakovskiy K. Reisner vs. Stalin: The RSFSR Constitution of 1918. BRICS Law Journal. 2019;6(3):78-99. https://doi.org/10.21684/2412-2343-2019-6-3-78-99

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ISSN 2409-9058 (Print)
ISSN 2412-2343 (Online)