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THE PRINCIPLES OF TRANSPARENCY AND INCLUSIVENESS AS PILLARS OF GLOBAL GOVERNANCE: THE BRICS APPROACH TO THE UNITED NATIONS

https://doi.org/10.21684/2412-2343-2015-2-2-88-100

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Abstract

The transparency of governance is not only a necessary and sufficient condition for bringing about accountability, but also the basis for the possibility of democracy in the global sphere. Although there is no automatic progress from transparency to democratic global governance, this principle helps to create more democratic, open and fair societies. Recently, the importance of inclusiveness, transparency and procedural safeguards has emerged as a critical theme. The practical implementation of fair global governance mechanisms, procedures, and institutions will always depend on the level of participation, contestation, or solidarity among the different stakeholders represented at the local, national or international level. Recent years have clearly shown a trend towards increasing transparency and inclusiveness in international organizations’ activities and operations, in contrast to opaqueness or lack of transparency which was a very common practice in diplomacy during past centuries. The inclusion of transparency and inclusiveness elements in the decision-making rules of an international organization are fundamental for these norms to be considered not only ‘more legal,’ but also to have a higher level of legitimacy. The General Assembly decided in its Resolution 60/251 of 2006 that the methods of work of the Human Rights Council should be transparent, fair and impartial and should enable genuine dialogue. Finally, the role played by the BRICS countries at the Security Council and the Human Rights Council is critical in regards to its working methods.

About the Authors

C. G. Fernández
Permanent Mission of Costa rica in the United Nations in Geneva, San José
Costa Rica

Christian Guillermet Fernández (San José, Costa Rica)  – Deputy Permanent Representative of Costa Rica to the United Nations in Geneva and ChairpersonRapporteur of the Working Group on the Right to Peace

(23 Rue de France, Geneva, 1202, Switzerland)


D. F. Puyana
Permanent Mission of Costa rica in the United Nations in Geneva, Barcelona
Spain

David Fernández Puyana (Barcelona, Spain) – PhD (European Mention), Legal Assistant of the Chairperson-Rapporteur at the Permanent Mission of Costa Rica in the United Nations in Geneva

(23 Rue de France, Geneva, 1202, Switzerland)



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For citation:


Fernández C.G., Puyana D.F. THE PRINCIPLES OF TRANSPARENCY AND INCLUSIVENESS AS PILLARS OF GLOBAL GOVERNANCE: THE BRICS APPROACH TO THE UNITED NATIONS. BRICS Law Journal. 2015;2(2):7-24. https://doi.org/10.21684/2412-2343-2015-2-2-88-100

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ISSN 2409-9058 (Print)
ISSN 2412-2343 (Online)